THE EARLY MEN
Several members of the Pioneer Column and some members of the BSA Company police took up positions as Native Commissioners and Assistant Native Commissioners once the first few years of Rhodesia had passed. They were more than adequately qualified for the job. Many spoke one of the native languages and this stood them in good stead to liaise with the local people and to assist with drawing up contracts to farm and mine the area. Personnel of the Department were also required to write the Civil Service Law Exam as set by the Cape Civil Service.
In 1907 the country had been divided into Divisions as follows:
Division 1. Salisbury, Darwin, Mazoe, Marandellas, Mtoko, Mrewa, Lomagundi, Mangwende
Division 2. Division 2 – Ndanga, Chibi, Gutu, Chilimanzi and Victoria.
Division 3. Umtali, Melsetter,Makoni, Inyanga
Division 4. Bulawayo, Bubi, Bulilima Mangwe, Matobo, Gwanda, Sebangwe and Wankie
Division 5. Gwelo, Selukwe, Insiza and Belingwe
The Men from the Ministry
Milton. Sir William Henry, KCMG, CMG. Appointed Chief Secretary for Native Affairs Sept 1896. Became Administrator of Southern Rhodesia July 1897. President of the Executive and Legislative Councils.
Lawley. Sir Arthur (Baron Wenlock). 1860 – 1932. Administrator of Matabeleland 1898 – 1901. 1896 appointed as Secretary to Earl Grey, the Administrator of Rhodesia. 1901 became Administrator of Western Australia. Appointed Lieutenant Governor of the Transvaal in 1902 and the next year became the acting Governor of the Transvaal and Orange River Colony. In 1905 appointed as Governor of Madras. Died in Germany.
CIVIL ESTABLISHMENT 1907 AS TAKEN DIRECTLTY FROM THE 1907 CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS DOCUMENT
Bazeley. WS. Clerk Chibi. Appointed 27 Jan 1904Superintendent, Fingo Location.
Bibra. Louis Frederick. Clerk and Registrar of Natives. Hartley. Appointed 28 May 1901
Bowker. AH. Clerk in Charge Kanyemba. Appointed 12 Jan 1903
Bullock. C. Clerk. Makoni. Appointed April 1904
Drew. Alfred. BSAP September 1890. Native Commissioner, Victoria, 1st September 1894. Lieutenant-in-Charge, Victoria Native Contingent. Acting Native Commissioner and Assistant Magistrate Hartley, 1907.
Eardley Mare. Edmund John. Started his career as a Clerk in Salisbury. Assistant Native Commissioner North Mazoe. Appointed Justice of the Peace in 1903. Acted as a Special Agent at Mount Darwin for the British Commission of the Anglo – Portuguese Boundary Commission. Ended his career at Victoria. Appointed 20 July 1901
Edwards. William. Native Commissioner Mrewa. Also saw service in Marandellas and was appointed Special Justice of the Peace. Appointed 1 May 1895
Farrer. William Edward. Was appointed Native Commissioner 1903 and Justice of the Peace. Acting Relieving Native Commissioner. Appointed 19 May 1899
Forbes. JH. Clerk. Lomagundi. Appointed 15 June 1905
Fereday. LB. Junior Assistant. Appointed 27 Dec 1905
Forrestall. Peter. Joined the BSAP in Jan 1890 and served throughout the Matabele War. Native Commissioner Chibi and Victoria. Appointed 1 Oct 1894
Fynn. HCK. Native Commissioner Gutu, Chillimanzi. Appointed 1 Oct 1899
Gouldsbury. HC. Clerk Umtali. Appointed 26 Jan 1903
Halliday. JA. Clerk. South Mazoe. Appointed 16 July 1903
Harvey. A. Clerk. Appointed 17 Aug 1903
Hemans. Herbert Nassau. Served in the BSAP during the Anglo Boer War. Awarded Queens South Africa Medal with bar. Appointed Clerk and then Acting Native
Holland. Alfred Thornhill. Served as Clerk at Chief native Commissioners office in Salisbury. Served during the Anglo Boer War and was awarded the Queens South Africa Medal with clasps. Assistant Native Commissioner Chilimanzi. Also served at Chibi, Ndanga, Gutu. Was a Justice of the Peace. Appointed 11 Jan 1898. Commissioner and Special Justice of the Peace. Appointed 16 May 1907.
Howell. Charles Henry. Joined the BSAP 4 Nov 1896 and finished as a lieutenant having seen service during the Rhodesian Rebellion and the Anglo Boer War. Awarded medals for service in both campaigns. Was appointed Acting Native Commissioner Lomagundi in 1901 and transferred to Darwin District. Seconded to land settlement scheme for two years.
Howman. Edward George. Served in South Mazoe as a Clerk. Later saw service in Chilimanzi as Clerk in Charge. Assistant Native Commissioner Ndanga. Was also a Special Justice of the Peace. Appointed 11 Apr 1903
Hulley. FE. Clerk and Registrar of Natives Umtali. Appointed 12 July 1906
Hulley. Thomas Benjamin. Served at Mazoe, Lomagundi, Melsetter. Native Commissioner and Assistant Magistrate Umtali. Was Acting Chief Native Commissioner Mashonaland in Nov 1902. Was appointed Superintendent for Natives for Division 3 comprising Umtali, Melsetter, Makoni and Inyanga. Appointed 1 Apr 1896
Jackson. Stanley Gower Nettleship. Was Escort to Chief Commissioner Zululand during the time of the annexation of Amatongaland and Zambaan territories. Served during the Matabeleland Rebellion in 1896 and was awarded the BSA Company Medal for service. Native Commissioner Hartley and Assistant Magistrate. Was appointed as Superintendent of Division 2 – Ndanga, Chibi, Gutu, Chilimanzi and Victoria. Appointed 1 Nov 1895
Keigwin. Herbert Stanley MA (Canterbury). Served as Clerk of Court Bulawayo. Chief Clerk. Appointed Acting Assistant Native Commissioner and Justice of the Peace Tegwani. Later served as Additional Native Commissioner Salisbury. Appointed 2 Oct 1902
Kenny. Edward Thomas. Served in the Mashonaland Mounted Police from April 1892. Was an interpreter at the Magistrate and High Court in Salisbury in March 1895. Saw active service during the 1896 Rebellion. Served as an Assistant NC at Inyanga, Gutu, and Chilimanzi. Native Commissioner and Special Justice of the Peace South Mazoe. Was appointed NC Gutu in July 1908. Appointed March 1895
Laing. William Thomson. Native Commissioner and Acting Magistrate Mtoko. Appointed 8 Oct 1895
Lenthall. EG. Clerk Ndanga. Appointed 30 June 1903
MacDonald. Archibald Urry. Served in the Cape Mounted Police and was Clerk to the Civil Commissioner of the Cape. Served in Paarl, Richmond, Alexandria, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town. Served during the Anglo Boer War and was awarded the Queens South Africa Medal with two clasps. Transferred to Rhodesia in 1903. Accounting Clerk and Accountant in Native Department Mashonaland. Appointed 5 May 1894
Melville. EE. Registrar of Natives. Appointed 6 Jan 1903
Meredith. Llewellyn Cambria. Field Cornet Mangwendi District, April 1893. Native Commissioner Makoni District, November 1894. Native Commissioner Charter District, May 1895. Native Commissioner Melsetter District, 1 November 1895. First appointment was made on 1 November 1894. Salary during 1908 was £500 and a horse allowance of £60 was also paid. L.C. Meredith wrote his Civil Service Law Examination in 1905. Meredith led the Bent Expedition to the Zimbabwe ruins in 1891 and was appointed one of the first 'Field Cornets' by the Administrator. He was a Xhosa linguist and was quick to become proficient in Shona. He was one of small group whose title was changed to 'Native Commissioner,' and was sent to negotiate with Chief Makoni who in 1894 was on the point of rebellion. He managed to win the cooperation of Makoni, and was then sent to Melsetter district to deal with the Chief Mutema who was now refusing to pay taxes. Sons of Meredith C.C. Meredith, and brother V.O. Meredith were also Native/District Commissioners.
Moodie. Donald Harry. Was Clerk in the Magistrates Court in Kokstad, Matatiele, Umzimkulu, Natal. Was Justice of the Peace for East Griqualand. Joined Native Department as Native Commissioner Matabeleland. Native Commissioner and Acting Magistrate Inyanga. Also served as Chief Clerk to the Chief Native Commissioner Mashonaland in 1903 and Special Justice of the Peace Ndanga. Appointed 1Nov 1896
Morris. EW. Native Commissioner and Special Justice of then Peace Marandellas. Appointed Mar 1896
Morkel. Ernest Reginald Rubidge. Acted as Clerk in Charge Makoni District. Appointed Justuice of the Peace and wasa Acting Assistant Native Commissioner Gutu. Appointed 1 Aug 1902
Nesbitt. Randolf Cosby VC. 1867 – 1956, Served with the Cape Mounted Rifles (1885). Joined BSA C Police in January 1890 and then the Mashonaland Mounted Police in 1893. Served in the Anglo Boer War. Was appointed as Acting Native Commissioner, Salisbury on 15th June 1901 and continued to serve until at least 1908. (Salary 10 shillings per day).
Posselt. John William. Ex Natal Civil Service. Assistant Native Commissioner Matabeleland. Acting Magistrate Charter. Native Commissioner Charter. Appointed 15 Apr 1897
Powley. Douglas Matthew. Acting Clerk in Charge Charter. Clerk in Charge Mtoko. Assistant Native Commissioner North Mazoe. Appointed 1 Sept 1902
Rolleston. HC. Clerk to Native Commissioner Ndanga. Appointed 7 May 1906
Ross. Archar Russell. Appointed Native Commissioner Makoni (Rusape) on 20th April 1895. He was sent on special service to Australia in 1900 to purchase cattle. Ross was a Special Justice of the Peace and was on a salary in 1908 of £580, with a horse allowance of £60 and also received a quarters allowance. (Note : ARCHAR is the spelling in the List). Archar Ross was the grandfather of DC “Hamish” Jim Peters. Archar Ross had a significant role in quelling the Makoni rebellion in 1896. He rode his horse, unarmed up to a group of several thousand armed tribesmen of chief Makoni and warned them that if they rebelled he would be back to mount full reprisals. He left unharmed. He was commissioned as a Lieutenant during the rebellion. Due to the fact that Makoni continued to incite rebellion (despite being instructed not to do so by the authorities) Ross went back to Makoni’s kraal and had him hanged. No farmers or civilians were killed in the Makoni district during the Mashona rebellion. Archar Ross died sometime during 1910, having been involved in a train wreck and later died of a burst appendix. Some recent documents spell his name as Archer Ross which is the name in the official Archives of what was Rhodesia . The correct spelling was Archar. There is a long story associated with Archar Ross's tenure in Rusape. He was appointed by Cecil Rhodes himself. Prior to being appointed NC he lived in Grahamstown, South Africa and was a renowned elephant hunter who used to hunbt in Matabeleland. He mainly hunted along the Nata River and in the Tjolotjo area where Hamish Peters was first stationed as a DC in 1968. Prior to the signing of the Rudd Concession with Lobengula, Archar Ross had unsuccessfully attempted to negotiate a similar concession with the king. This ultimately brought him to Rhodes' attention.
Scott. William Edward Edwards. Was Assistant Native Commissioner Umtali. Native Commissioner and Special Justice of the Peace Lomagundi. Appointed May 1896
Sweeney. JH. Clerk Makoni. Appointed 17 Jan 1904
Taberer. Walter Stringfellow. Was involved in civil administration in the Eastern Cape. He joined the Native Department Mashonaland on the 7th July 1891 and was appointed Assistant Chief Native Commissioner for Mashonaland on the 5th July 1898. He was appointed Additional Assistant Magistrate on 1st November 1900 and was made Chief Native Commissioner and Superintendent of Native Division 1, Mashonaland on the 1st December 1907.
Wane. FJ. Clerk Charter. Appointed 7 Oct 1905
Wilson. Fix F. Clerk and Registrar of Natives. Appointed 1 Apr 1898
Hole. Hugh Marshall. BA (Oxford). Was Clerk of the BSA Company in Kimberley. Transferred to Administrators Office Salisbury as Secretary. Served as a Lieutenant with the Salisbury Horse during the Mashona Rebellion. Awarded the BSA Company medal 1896. Did special government service in Arabia 1901 concerning native labour. Appointed Acting Chief Native Commissioner Matabeleland June 1907
Taylor. Herbert John. Appointed Native Commissioner, Matabeleland on 1st October 1891. Was then made Chief Native Commissioner and Justice of the Peace on 1st May 1895. Was a captain in “M” Troop Rhodesian Frontier Force (RFF) Corps in April 1896. Served in the Matabele Rebellion and received the BSA Company Medal and a Mention in Dispatches. He was a captain in the Southern Rhodesia Volunteers from 18th August 1899 and served during the Anglo Boer war receiving the Queens South Africa medal with bars. Taylor was nominated for service on the committee of the Rhodesian Native Labour Bureau as Superintendent for Government Division IV, comprising the districts of Bulawayo, Bubi, Bulilima Mangwe, Matobo, Gwanda, Sebangwe and Wankie from the 1st August 1908. (Note - Spellings as per Civil Service Gazette 1908)
Barnard. Mostyn William. Served with the Mashonaland Mounted Police 1893 . Served during the Matabele War 1896 and was severely wounded during the Battle of Bembesi. Awarded the BSA Company medal and clasp 1896. Assistant Native Commissioner, Matabeleland, 1st June 1899; Acting Native Commissioner for the Sebungwe-Mafungabusi and Bubi Districts and Superintendent Fingo Location. Later served as Chief Clerk to the Solicitor General.
Bell. A. Accountant. Head Office Bulawayo. Appointed 1 Aug 1896.
Benzies. WR. Clerk. Appointed 1 May 1901
Campbell. Archibald Andrew. Started as Superintendent of Natives Dundee Natal. Native Commissioner and Assistant Magistrate Insiza. Was appointed as Justice of the Peace in 1899. Appointed 1 Nov 1896
Campbell. Herbert Vere Ernest. Ex Natal Civil Service. Clerk Sebungwe. Later became Assistant Native Commissioner and Justice of the Peace. Appointed 28 May 1902
Carbutt. Clive Lancaster. Ex Zululand Civil Service. Native Commissioner Bulawayo and Acting Inspector of Native Compounds Division 3 (Byo) and Division 4 (Gwelo). Appointed 6 Feb 1897
Colenbrander. Johannes Wilhelm. 1855 – 1918. Was a Natal born trader and interpreter. Joined the Natal Mounted Rifles in 1870 as a trumpeter. Visited Bulawayo in 1888 and became friends with Lobengula due to his linguistic skills. Became a trader in Bulawayo after acting as interpreter for Lobengula’s emissaries, Babyaan, Mshewde and E.A. Maund on his trip to London. Was appointed Native Commissioner and later served in the Anglo Boer War.
De Laessoe. HHA. Native Commissioner and Assistant Magistrate Belingwe. Also Inspector of Native Compounds Division 5. Appointed 1 Dec 1899
Dives. RW. Appointed 21 Jun 1902
Elliott. Frederick George. Ex Zululand Civil Service. Native Commissioner and Assistant Magistrate Selukwe. Also Inspector of Native Compounds Division 1. Appointed 1 Nov 1897
Elliott. Harry Alfred. Ex Natal Civil Service. Was an interpreter at Magistrates Court Gwelo. Native Commissioner Gwanda and Inspector of Native Compounds Division 2. Later appointed as a Justice of the Peace. Appointed 27 July 1899
Fuller. HG. Assistant Native Commissioner and Special Justice of the Peace Wankie. Also Inspector of Native Compounds Wankie Division. Appointed 19 July 1899
Fynn. FE. Clerk. Appointed 1 Oct 1903
Fynn. JO. Registrar of Natives. Appointed 2 Jan 1906
Fynn. EHM. Clerk and Registrar of Natives Gwelo. Appointed 7 July 1903
Fynn. C.G. Native Commissioner Fingo Location. Appointed 19 Oct 1895
Gielgud. Valdemar. Native Commissioner, Matabeleland, 6th June 1896; Matabele Rebellion 1896. Mentioned in Dispatches. Native Commissioner Sebungwe, 1st July 1898. Accompanied HH the Administrator of Matabeleland on a Mission to Kinh Lewanika, Barotseland, May 1898.
Greer. Stuart William. Clerk and Interpreter for Magistrates Court Gwanda. Assistant Native Commissioner Bulilima. Justice of the Peace. Appointed 8 Oct 1900
Gunner. CR. Clerk. Appointed 1 Feb 1903
Jackson. Hugh Marrison Gower. Served eight and a half years in the Natal Civil Service. Served with Giffords Horse during the Matabele Rebellion and was awarded the BSA Company 1896 medal for service. Native Commissioner and Assistant Magistrate Matobo. Was an Assistant Magistrate in Bulawayo and Superintendent for Division 5 Gwelo, selukwe, Insiza and Belingwe. Appointed 14 Oct 1895
Jackson. Theophilus Rudolph. Clerk Selukwe and Inspector of Compounds. Served in the Anglo Boer war and was awarded the Queens South Africa Medal with bars. Appointed 16 July 1903
Jones. Arthur Llewellyn. Started as a Clerk. Served during the Anglo Boer War and was awarded the Queens South Africa medal with bars for service. Was appointed Justice of the Peace. Assistant Native Commissioner. Appointed 12 June 1899
Jupp. R.B. Assistant Native Commissioner Bubi. Appointed 1 May 1902
Lanning. Robert. Served in the Basotholand Civil Service in 1894. Served during the Matabele Rebellion and was awarded the BSA Company Medal 1896 for service. Native Commissioner and Assistant Magistrate Bubi. Was Justice of the Peace. Appointed 1 Sept 1895
Martini. A. Clerk. Appointed 16 Apr 1901
Nanson. H.J. Chief Clerk. Appointed 1 Jan 1899
Newnham. Arthur Henry. Native Commissioner Melsetter. Appointed 26 Apr 1895. Resigned from the department 1 Oct 1895 and was then appointed as District Medical Officer Hartley
Robinson. Leo George. Clerk in Chief Bulawayo. Justice of the Peace and Special Justice of the Peace. Assistant Native Commissioner Bulawayo. Appointed 1 Feb 1897
Stuart. Charles Travers. Was a Zulu Interpreter in Natal. Appointed Native Commissioner for Matabeleland on 1st November 1896. Served on the Commission to draft the code of native law for Matabeleland in 1898. He was appointed Special Justice of the Peace on 3rd February 1899 and was Justice of the Peace for Rhodesia and Assistant Magistrate for Gwelo.
Taylor. Herbert John. Served as a Captain with M Troop Bulawayo Field Force during the Matabeleland Rebellion 1896. awarded the BSA Company Medal with bar for service. Was also a Captain with the Southern Rhodesia Volunteers and served during the Anglo Boer War. Awarded the Queens South Africa Medal with bars for service. Nominated to serve on the committee of the Rhodesian Native Labour Bureau. Served as Superintendent of Division 4 comprising the districts of Bulawayo, Bubi, Bulilima-Mangwe, Matobo, Gwanda, Sebungwe and Wankie. Native Commissioner Matabeleland. Promoted to Chief Native Commissioner and Justice of the Peace. Appointed 1 Oct 1894.
Taylor. E.D. Clerk. Appointed 1 Dec 1898
Thomas. Thomas Morgan. Assistant Native Commissioner Matabeleland. Was also Relieving Native Commissioner. Was appointed Justice of the Peace. Appointed 1 March 1897.
Thomas. William Elliott. Served in the Matabele rebellion and was awarded the BSA Company Medal 1896 for service. Appointed Special Justice of the Peace. Acted as Chief Native Commissioner on three occasions. Was Assistant Magistrate Bulawayo. Native Commissioner and Assistant Magistrate Bulilima. Appointed 1 Mar 1896
Weale. Mansel Edye. Served with the BSA Company Police in 1890. Served as a sergeant in the Victoria Volunteers with Major Hurrel’s Gwelo Column during the Rebellion in charge of the Native Police and Native Levees. He continued as commander of the Native Police and Levees at the Relief of Belingwe under Major Hopper of the BSAP. Weale also commanded the Native Police and Levees with Colonel Paget of the 7th Hussars in Sulukwe. He was then promoted to lieutenant and continued to command the Native Police and Levees under Major Jenner and was part of Colonel Alderson’s Column in Charter district, Mashonaland. Weale was awarded the 1890 BSA Company Medal. Appointed as Native Commissioner and Justice of the Peace for Chilimanzi.
The Occupation of Matabeleland Souvenir 1893 - 1933. Indicates that at one time the department was known as the Southern Rhodesia Government Native Department. The following members were mentioned in this document:
W.E Thomas (See above)
Sir Arthur Lawley (See above)
Johann Colenbrander (See above)
W. E Armstrong
Mr Geilgud (See above)